Glossary: Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu to Judo Cross Reference

Collection of names of techniques in English / Portuguese / Japanese languages, but the conversion is not exact since the same technique is applied in different ways in the BJJ compared to Judo.

Americana – Ude-garami (腕絡)

Armbar – Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame (腕挫十字固) – also known as armlock, armeloque (Portuguese) .

Arm Drag – falls under the topic of Kumi-Kata (組方) .

Ankle Lock – Ashi-hishigi (足挫) – Achilles Lock or Foot Lock

Belt Strangle – Obi Jime (帯 絞)

Bicep Slicer / Bicep Crusher – a form of a Compression Lock

Bow and Arrow Choke – Okuri-eri-jime (送襟絞) – Sliding lapel strangle

Breakfall – Ukemi (受身 )

Clock Choke – Koshi Jime (締め) – Hip Strangle, however, the mechanism of the choke is classified by the Kodokan as Okuri-eri-jime (送襟絞).

Closed Guard – Do Osae – Trunk Hold – Sometimes referred to as full guard. The closed guard is the typical guard position. The legs are hooked behind the back of the opponent, preventing them from standing up or moving away. The opponent needs to open the legs up to be able to improve positioning. The bottom combatant might transition between the open and closed guard, as the open guard allows for better movement, but also increased risk of the opponent passing the guard. The technique Do-Jime (胴絞) is sometimes incorrectly used to describe the closed guard. The difference is that with Do-Jime  pressure is applied to squeeze the opponent’s trunk to cause asphyxia. Do-Jime is a prohibited technique in competition judo.

Collar Choke – Juji Jime (十字締め) – Might see this referred to as x-choke, lapel choke, cross choke.

Crucifix Choke – Jigoku-jime (地獄絞) “hell strangle”

Double-leg Takedown – Morote-Gari (双手刈) – also known as baiana (Portuguese).

Ezekiel Choke – Sode-guruma-jime (袖車絞め) – Might see this referred to as forearm choke or sleeve choke.

Figure-Four – Ude-garami (腕絡) – also written as figure-4. When used on an arm, also known as a double wrist lock. A hold in which the positioning of the limbs resembles the number ‘4’. For example, used in the AMERICANA and the KIMURA.

Flying Armbar – Tobi-jūji-gatame (飛び十字固め)

Flying Triangle Choke – Sankaku-jime (三角絞) from a standing position.

Grapevine – Tate-Shiho-Gatame (縦四方固) – a type of control that most commonly applies to MOUNT. You have your legs threaded through your opponent’s, hooking around with your feet to stop them escaping. This makes for a stable defensive position, though attacks are mostly limited to the EZEQUIEL.

Gogoplata –  Hasami-Jime (鋏絞 scissors choke, or 螯絞 claw choke)

Guard – Do Osae

Guillotine – Mae Hadaka Jime(前裸締め).

Half-Guard – Ashi Garami (足緘) – also known as meia guarda (Portuguese).

Helicopter Armbar – Tobi-jūji-gatame (飛び十字固め)

Kimura – Gyaku-Ude-Garami (逆腕絡)

Knee Bar – Hiza-juji-gatame (膝十字固め)

Knee Crush – Hiza Hishigi (膝挫)

Mount – Tate-Shiho-Gatame (縦四方固)

Neck Crank – Mae Hadaka Jime (前裸締め)

North South Choke – Kuzure-Kami-Shiho-Gatame (崩上四方固)

Posture – Shisei (姿勢) – also known as postura (Portuguese)

Pulling Guard – Hikikomi Gaeshi (引込返)

Quad Crush – Compression Lock on the leg.

Rear Naked Choke – Hadaka Jime (裸締め) – also known as sleeper hold, mata leo or mata leão (‘to kill the lion’ in Portuguese).

Rolling – Newaza (寝技・業 ) Randori (乱捕り ) – a term often used in BJJ and other grappling styles, which has the same meaning as ‘sparring’ o in Portuguese, the noun is either dar um rola or escrima.

Scarf Hold – Kesa Gatame (袈裟固め)- also known as head and arm (wrestling).

Scissor Sweep – Hasami Gaeshi – Sumi Gaeshi (隅返) from a guard position.

Side Control – Mune-gatame (胸固め) or Yoko-shiho-gatame (横四方固め) – also known as sidemount, cross-side, across side, thousand kilos, one hundred kilos, 100 kilos, cem kilos (Portuguese).

Sliding Choke – Okuri-Eri-Jime (送襟絞) .

Sleve Choke – Sode guruma jime (袖車絞め)

Takedown – Nage waza (投げ技) .

Toe Hold – Ashi-dori-garami 

Triangle Armlock – Ude-Hishigi-Sankaku-Gatame (腕挫三角固), sometimes shortened to Sankaku-gatame (三角固)

Triangle Choke – Sankaku-jime (三角絞) – also known as triângulo (Portuguese).

X-Choke – Juji Jime (十字締め )

The Evolution of the De la Riva Guard

The De La Riva Guard is a quite recent jiu-jitsu technique, created during the 80’s, by Ricardo De La Riva. Of the jiu-jitsu techniques that involve the names of athletes – “Kimura”, “Ezequiel”and “De La Riva” – this is the only one that is named after a jiu-jitsu athlete and is the only one of the three that actually arose from the evolution of jiu-jitsu, considering that Kimura and Ezequiel were judokas and the techniques that are named after them are ancient Judo techniques ( “Kimura” is known in judo as “Ude Garami”, and “Ezequiel” is known in judo as “Sode Guruma Jime”).

Master Ricardo De La Riva started training BJJ in 1980, having been awarded his black belt from the hands of master Carlson Gracie in 1986. He presented excellent performance in competitions, having beaten various Jiu-jitsu legends that were, until then, unbeatable in certain competitions. His most notable performance was during the Copa Cantão Championship, in the middle of 1986.  Additionally, he also trained and helped train great BJJ and MMA athletes.

At the time of its appearance, the guard style most used in jiu-jitsu was the “Closed Guard”. Having a smaller physique than that of his training colleagues, de la Riva was practically forced to train using the Open Guard technique. It was during the use of this guarding technique (when he  was still a brown belt) that he realized that he was successfully unbalancing many of his training partners, particularly when he used his feet as a hook (this technique arose due to, in his own words, his instinct of survival). Having understood the potential of his discovery, De La Riva put his creativity to work. Since he was already training at the academy with some of the best guard passers in the world, this was the perfect laboratory to conduct tests. It was then that his partners started calling the position “Guarda Pudim” (Pudding Guard”), due to the instability that it caused to the passers balance, making them wobble like a pudding.

The title that called the attention of Jiu-Jitsu followers to De La Rivawas, coincidentally, the same that brought acknowledgement to his new guard: the 1986 Copa Cantão Championship in which he participated as an underdog and ended up being proclaimed champion. Few believed that De La Riva had any chance of beating the undisputed favorite but he proved that he was worthy of the challenge and, taking utmost advantage of his referenced hook, won the fight after the referee’s decision. The fight received a lot of coverage from the jiu-jitsu specialized media which used the term“De La Riva Guard” to describe this new position.

Since its first appearance, the De La Riva Guard has not stopped evolving. It is adopted by many world champions and has become one of the most taught jiu-jitsu techniques. It is a position that has extrapolated its original format, having today various different developments, inversions and adjustments.

The Economics of Self Defense

Fight-or-flight response is a physiological reaction that occurs in response to a perceived harmful event, attack, or threat to survival.

It was first described by Walter Bradford Cannon. His theory states that animals react to threats with a general discharge of the sympathetic nervous system, preparing the animal for fighting or fleeing.

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